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FOREWORD

Web-site Gery.pl has started in 2000 and by now it is on or most significant subject-type web-sites in Poland. By the last 5 years from the starting point it turned out into professional chellenge. Nowadays web-sites cerated in our boundaries are recognized as these, which belong to the leading group. Active society of internet, that is gathered in our web-site enlarges this contain, which is not present in other sites. Napoleon.gery.pl stays in cooperation with www.gery.pl from 2001. Idea of this web-site was precisely identified with 180 th. anniversary of death of emperor of French Napoleon Bonaparte - the man who both changed history and to whom Poles has been given proofs of appreciation. However the Napoleonic web-sites are mostly not present in polish sector of internet, but if they exist it can not be understood as these, which are dignified enough to represent person of emperor. Autors pf this web-site they does not have intentions to create first polish Napoleonic site but their intention is to present, so that could gave to emperor back what was represented by his emperors status.

Napoleonic Book

Ryszard Morawski, Adam Paczuski
The Army of the Duchy of Warsaw. Uhlans, honour guard, Noble Levy and mounted gendarmerie

The next album of the Duchy of Warsaw series is dedicated to the uhlans. It is the first that extensive study on the history of all uhlan regiments of the Duchy. The gouaches were painted by Ryszard Morawski and the text was written by Adam Paczuski, an expert in the field of Napoleonic Era uniforms.
Due to the broadness of the subject we've decided to divide the book into 2 volumes containing 189 colour plates. Ryszard Morawski basing on lesser known documentary sources points out interesting features of uhlan's uniform. Apart from the silhouettes of the infantry soldiers and cavalrymen he presents separately the details of the uniforms and the equipment. Each plate is captioned in Polish, French, English and for the first time also in German.
The author presents the roots of the uhlans describing Tartars formations in Polish service, front guard and national cavalry. The following chapters deal with Noble Levy from 1806 and 1809, honour guard and mounted gendarmerie. However, the main part of the text is dedicated to the history of 18 Polish and Lithuanian uhlan regiments of the Duchy of Warsaw and reconstructs their participation in Napoleonic Campaigns between 1806 and 1814. In a separate chapter Adam Paczuski focuses on the uniforms, weapons and equipment of this light cavalry formation. He also mentions the inseparable comrade of every uhlan, the horse. The illustrated part consists of 105 colour plates in the first volume and 84 in the second one. The final section of the second volume contains additionally the bibliography, alphabetical index of names and extensive summaries in French, English and German.

Publisher: KARABELA D. Chojnacka Warsaw 2009
ISBN: 978-83-61229-03-2
Pages: volume I: 296, 105 colour plates, volume II: 296, 84 colour plates
Format: 34 x 24 cm (9.8 x 13.6 in), hardcover, two volumes in a slip case
Language: Polish, descriptions and summary in English, French and German
Price: 106 Euro



Napoleonic calendar

Today:
1750 - borne Fryderyk August, celector and then king of Saxony and prince of Warsaw.
1777 - borne Aleksander the Ist, tsar of Russia, from 1815 king of Poland.
1806 - beginning of the night battle at Czarnów between the troops of marshal Davout and russian forces.
1809 - poisoned Antoine Saliceti, politician and diplomat of France, in 1796 commissar at Army of Italy, then minister of police and minister of war of Naples Kingdom.
1828 - died François Damas, french general, took part in expedition to Egypt, in 1804 sentenced to prison as the cooperative of Moreau.

Napoleonic Reenacting

The 1st Regiment of Polish Guard Lancers
By Jerzy Lubomski


In 1993 an idea was envisaged to re-create a historical unit of Polish cavalry set in one of the most colourful periods of military history... the Napoleonic Wars.
The unit chosen was that of the lst Polish Lancers of Napoleon's Imperial Guard on the grounds that to many historians ,model makers and war gamers this regiment was perhaps the best known of many Polish units of that time that served the Emperor Napoleon and was privileged to serve as the bodyguard to this most famous of men during the turbulent times that re-shaped Poland and Europe.
The Polish Guard Lancers were formed in Warsaw in 1807 under the command of Col. Vincent Krasiński and immediately taken into French service, [unlike other Polish units who belonged to the newly created Duchy of Warsaw under the command of Prince Józef Poniatowski.]
As part of the French army the Poles were organized and trained as other French cavalry units under French instructors with a French administrative staff and orders issued in French. Uniforms were cut according to Polish tradition and national colours with the Polish czapka headdress denoting these troops as Poles. All other equipment issued was of French manufacture... [more]

Look: Reenacting

New

Needed rescue for the tablet of memory general Rheinwald
by Mariusz Olczak

On the external wall of the fort Stern in Głogów there is placed one of the most valuable keepsakes of the napoleonic period in Poland. It is as valuable as unfortunately it has been both forgotten and destroyed. This monument made of sandstone seems to be exhausting its last breaths. In case there will not be performed any works of preservation it maight have not stood any trace of the slight rest of the inscriptions.
It is worth to tell something more both about the monument and about general Rheinwald. The tablet made of the sand stone is placed in the internal arch of the Fort Stern, that is located to west from the downtown on the area of the base of Polish Bus Communication Enterprise at Piastowska street. Area of the base is not used and not playing any function it slowly becomes to be the ruin. The surrounding of it is full of rubbish, scarp-iron and wastes. It deepen the bad impression. Both the buildings of the Fort and the table of general Rheinwald are not inscribed on the List of the monuments. As a consequence of this fact any intervention of the Office of Preservation of the Monuments there has consequences in meaning of low...

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Napoleonic News
Bi-centuries anniversary of the first polish campaign.
By Ph.d. Krzysztof Ostrowski of OSEN

We have been whitnesses of bicenturies anniversary of the glory of Austerlitz, that took place in Czech`s Slavkov u Brna. Thousands of uniforms, thousands of spectators - european medial event. On the other hand it maight be interesting how the slovakian Bratislava memorize on 26th of december bicentury anniversary of signing the treaty of peace. It recalled instead battle fields treaties of Campo-Formio and Luneville. In napoleonic epoque not only the art of strategy and sacrifice of thousand who died was finishing the political agreement, on which there were built following foundations of the future Europe. It is worth to remember that in one year distance we will start to memorize bicenturies of the military rivalry at the mouth of Wkra river, at Nasielsk, Gołymin, Pułtusk, Morąg, Barkweda, great battle at prussian Iława and then polish attacks at Tczew. Finally there was the battle at Frydland, that led to the treaty of peace in Tylża. The treaty had significant results for all its sides. For us the effect of that campaign was "Constitution of the Duchy of Warsaw", that created small but very important step towards to the Europe. The circle of the persons, that have been associated with OSEN (Institute of the studies over the napoleonic epoque), is convinced with the new perspectives for the interesting valuation of the napoleonic epoque. We have participated in memorizing the anniversaries of the bicenturies since the anniversary of 18th of Brumaire. We tried our forces in various events: historical display of the battles, milityary camps and imperial balls. Having one year distance of time before "our moment" we adress our appeal and polite request about the initiatives, that might recall the life in that times in poor regions of both prussian occupation and Prussia forced to mantain formany months hundred thousands of soldiers, thousands of officers, hundreds of generals and marshals. We are about preparations of syntetical aproach to that times in form of monography of Duchy of Warsaw. We are gratefull to the marshals governors of Mazovian, Warmian-Mazurian and Pommeranian Regions for their kind agreement to patronate the events recalling the most important moments of that times. Precised plans are expected to be published till the June 2006. In one month time there will be published first projects of international events, that will be held in cooperation with similar institutions from France, Germany and Russia, which are interested in memorizing the bicenturies of polish campaigns. The Christmas evening and whole Christmas of 1806 Napoleon spent in following places: Okunin-Czarnów, Nasielsk, Łopacin. New year was welcomed by Napoleon in Pułtusk. All the best!

Polish Army of Duchy of Warsaw
Cheval Legers by Piotr Pacak

1st Reginemt of Cheval Legers - Lanciers. This regiment was formed on the base of Emperor`s decree that was issued on 9th of April 1807 in Kamieniec Suski. It was composed with 4 squadrons each of 2 companies and was numbering 60 officers and 976 soldiers. Commanding person was col. Wincenty Krasiński. Grosmajors were Charles Delaitre of Guard of Mameluks and Piere Datancourt of Gendarmerie. Chef of squadrons were: Tomasz Łubieński, Jan Kozietulski, Ferdynand Stokowski and Henryk Kamieński. Cheval Legers were armed with sables (from the beginning in prussian type and then in french type) and rifles, and pistols. Military debut was the war in Spain, where they were sent in several portions on spring 1808. Training of the regiment was directed by the legendary commander of the hussars general Lasalle. Cheval Legers were at the anti-french upraise in Madrid and then distinguished themselves oin battle at Medina de Rio Seco... [more]

Look:
Honorable code of officers of Army of Duchy of Warsaw

Contents
Napoleon.gery.pl is created towards to polish speaking users of internet. It consists in polish language version big number of topics connected with varied understanding of times of the empire. In the contents there could be found big number of biographies of persons known from their activity in Napoleonic époque, varied analyses of most Napoleonic campaigns and battles performed by emperor of French, in formations about with figures, information about the Center of Studies under the Napoleonic Époque in Pułtusk (so called OSEN of Pułtusk in Poland, which cooperates with our web-site), presentations of reenacting groups, raports from the reenacting events, that has been performed both in Poland and abroad.
By now we have decided to publish in English version some parts of the contents, that belong by the topics to polish accents of Napoleonic époque. Our intention is to present the most interesting topics, that are connects with the history of Duchy of Warsaw, Polish Army that was fighting at the side of emperor, the most significant officers and public persons, many monuments and traces that could be found in Poland. Morover accordingly to our possibilities we will be trying to present associations of regiments and corpuses, that works stronger in the field of reenacting.

Napoleonic Collegium
Idea, design and technical performance: Włodzimierz Nabywaniec
(e-mail: wlonab@wp.pl)

Main cooperatives: Andrzej K. Szymański, Adam Paczuski, Bernard Lipka, Mariusz Promis, Eques, Scout.
Topics and works we can present thanks to: Piotr Pacak, Krzysztof Gorczyca, Miłosz Korczyk, Szymon Jagodziński, Piotr Czerepak, Natalia Bujniewicz, Piotr Bejrowski, Igor & Żaklina Gracholscy, Artur Gniado - Tutakiewicz, Sylwia Kuciak, Stefan Swietliczko, Andrzej Milecki, Marcin Ochman, Przemek Decewicz, Gerard Owsiański, Jan Bińczyk, Schulmeister, Mariusz Lankowski, Ewa Chodyniecka-Szarecka, Krzysztof Franaszczuk, Zbyszek Olszewski, Jan W. Kowalik, Andrzej Ziółkowski, Janusz C. Rogoziński, Paweł Zawadzki, WPK, Rafalm.
Especially we would like to express our gratitude to Krzysztof Ostrowski, and Andrzej Nieuważny, and Iwona Mirska - scientifists of OSEN for their cooperation with our simple web-site.







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